Application of Classification
Binomial nomenclature is a tried and trusted methodology for describing items. The same principles are used to standardise descriptions of products and services. When cleansing a material master the first priority is the correct identification of the material. This involves allocating a noun and modifier to the item. This dictates the information that needs to be captured in order to describe it and the hierarchy to which it belongs.
The most widely used classification system is the United Nations Standard Products and Services Code UNSPSC. This system has a 4 level hierarchy and has been designed to allow everything and anything to be classified. Each segment, family, class and commodity is given a two digit code. (See below)
Whilst there are a number of other classification systems that cover different industry requirements, for example eCl@ss, standardisation is unlikely to be achieved if everyone chooses to use their own schema.
Dictionaries should be mapped to the classification scheme that is being employed. Mapping the noun modifier to the classification gives consistent results and avoids manual errors being introduced.